3rd Squadron - 7th Cavalry Regiment
The 3rd Squadron, 7th Cavalry Regiment, was originally constituted on 28 July 1866 in the regular Army as a Company "C", 7th Cavalry Regiment. It organized at Fort Riley, KS, on 10 September 1866. From December 1917 to May 1918, the unit was assigned to the 15th Cavalry Division. It inactivated on 1 February 1928 as Troop "C", 7th Cavalry.
The unit reactivated on 1 August 1940 Fort Bliss, TX. It dismounted on 28 February 1943.
It was reorganized on 4 December 1943 partly under cavalry and partly under infantry tables of organization and equipment. It reorganized wholly as infantry on 20 July 1945, but retained cavalry designations. Troop "C", 7th Cavalry was redesignated as Company "C", 7th Cavalry on 25 March 1949.
The unit was transferred on 1 July 1957 from Japan to Germany. It was concurrently consolidated with the 10th reconnaissance Company, reorganized and redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 3rd Reconnaissance Squadron, 7th Cavalry; relieved from assignment to 1st Cavalry Division, and reassigned to 10th Infantry Division (its organic elements were concurrently constituted and activated). The unit was relieved on 14 June 1958 from its assignment to 10th Infantry Division, assigned to 2nd Infantry Division and reorganized at Fort Benning, GA. The unit was redesignated on 15 June 1963 as 3rd Squadron, 7th Cavalry. It inactivated on 20 February 1963 at Fort Benning, GA and was concurrently relieved from assignment to 2nd Infantry Division.
The unit was reassigned to the 3rd Infantry Division on 18 April 1963, and reactivated on 5 June 1963 in Germany. It inactivated there on 16 October 1986 and was relieved from assignment to the 3rd Infantry Division.
On 16 December 1986, it was reassigned to the 8th Infantry Division and activated in Germany.
The unit inactivated on 16 November 1992 in Germany and was relieved from assignment to the 8th Infantry Division. (Former 10th Reconnaissance Company concurrently withdrawn from the 3rd Squadron, 7th Cavalry and consolidated with Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 3rd Squadron, 17th Cavalry - hereafter a separate lineage.)
On 16 December 1992, Headquarters and Headquarters Troop consolidated with 3rd Reconnaissance Company and was redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 3rd Squadron, 7th Cavalry.
The 3rd Squadron was reassigned on 16 February 1996 to the 3rd Infantry Division and activated at Fort Stewart, GA.
I don't know how many ways it needs to be said, but Hollywood's passion for fibbing while claiming to tell a "true" story is and always will be one of the most contemptible facets of modern American culture. We just can't stand the truth.
I'm not talking about factual errors, or even the not unreasonable telescoping of events into a cinematic time-frame. I'm talking about exaggeration and distortion.
In "We Were Soldiers", Lt. Col. Moore's 1st Battalion/7th Cavalry command position was almost over-run when Company C failed ot hold off advancing PAVN. It was an exciting battle sequence, and allowed the movie to show Moore himself in action. In real life, Company C decimated the PAVN so badly that the attack never reached the command position.
In "We Were Soldiers", the breakaway 29-man platoon led by Lt. Herrick chases a PAVN "scout" off onto a ridge where they are cut off from the rest of "C Company". In real life, they merely advanced too far. I suspect Director Randall Wallace thought it would be more exciting to show them chasing somebody.
In the movie, only one man appears to be left alive of the 29 in the breakaway platoon. In reality, 20 of the men were still alive. That's a rather big fib. Only 9 of the men were killed, though 13 were wounded, including the platoon leader.
In "We Were Soldiers", victory is dramatized by Lt. Col. Moore leading his troops up to the PAVN command bunker area, as Lt. Col Nguyen Huu An flees his command post in the tunnels. That did not happen. Nor did the dramatic confrontation between Moore and the PAVN machine gun position (with the exciting arrival of the helicopters at just the right instant). Didn't happen. Why is it in there? I don't know. To show that helicopters are good?
A French Bugle was found, a few days after the events of the movie, in the same general area. I don't care about that inaccuracy. It's close enough, and it doesn't materially affect your perception of the events at Ia Drang.
In 1965, the Huey "slicks" did not have machine guns mounted on their sides. An infantry man with an M16 defended each side of the chopper. Not as impressive cinematically, I guess.
A few days after Ia Drang, a far more horrendous battle took place as the relief battalion was about to be airlifted out, near a landing zone designated Albany. The 2nd Battalion/7th Calvary was spread out in a long column of 400 - 500 yards when attacked by surprise by a fresh regiment of PAVN. According to Jack Smith, most of the early casualties were due to friendly fire as panicked soldiers surrounded by PAVN snipers fired everywhere and anywhere. After a horrendous three-day battle, the survivors were air-lifted out. Casualties: 151 killed, 121 wounded.
Hal Moore, Jack Smith (son of Howard K. Smith, the ABC newsman), and other soldiers of the U.S. 7th Calvary travelled to Viet Nam in October 1993 to meet with their PAVN counterparts at the scene of the battle. There are pictures of them standing together and shaking hands.
There is something wonderful and even beautiful about such a moment. Men who once tried to kill each other in fierce battle now wisely shake hands and share memories. But there is something also deeply disturbing about it, and what is disturbing is not the shaking of hands and the smiles in the group photos. The disturbing part is that these friendly gatherings betray the utter purposelessness of Ia Drang, and every other battle of the Viet Nam War and almost every other war.
Copyright © 2002 Bill Van Dyk All rights reserved.
1868 Ft. Laramie Treaty signed. This accord created the Great Sioux Reservation in present-day western South Dakota, eastern Wyoming and southeastern Montana.
1874 An influx of miners moves into the Black Hills after Custer leads a scientific expedition into the Black Hills and discovers gold.
1876 All Indians off reservations after January 31, 1876 are considered hostile.
1876 March to May military operations are carried out to move Indians onto reservations.
1876 June 17 Lakota and Cheyenne fight Gen. Crook at Rosebud Creek, Montana.
1876 June 25 & 26 Lt. Col. George A. Custer and 262 soldiers, scouts, and civilians attached to the 7th US Cavalry were defeated by at least 1,500 Cheyenne, Lakota, and Arapaho warriors. Custer and all his men died.
1876 Crook destroys a large Cheyenne village under Dull Knife.
1877 In January, Miles fought Crazy Horse at Wolf Mountains.
1877 In May, Crazy Horse reports to Ft. Robinson where he is killed being arrested.
1879 The Little Bighorn Battlefield was designated a national cemetery administered by the War Department.
1881 A monument for the Cavalry was built on Last Stand Hill. The US Army took custody of the site and controlled access and historical interpretation for decades.
1925 Mrs. Thomas Beaverheart, Cheyenne, writes the battlefield custodian and the US Army requesting markers be placed on graves where known warriors had fallen. She never received a response.
1926 The Army and Indians meet at the battlefield to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the battle. The Northern Cheyenne are unsuccessful in their effort to have an additional memorial erected.
1940 The jurisdiction of the battlefield was transferred to the National Park Service
1946 The battlefield was designated a National Monument.
1988 On June 25 the American Indian Movement cements a metal plaque into the grassy base of the memorial which marks the mass grave of the 7th US Cavalry.
1991 On December 10 President George Bush signs changes to the name of the battlefield and ordered construction of a memorial for the Indians under Public Law 102-201. Custer Battlefield National Monument is changed to the Little Bighorn National Monument. The creation of the Aboriginal Memorial itself was commissioned by an act of Congress in 1991.
1996 A National Design competition is announced and 554 entries are received and juried by illustrious aboriginal artists, art historians, historians, architects, scholars and spiritual advisors.
1997 John and Alison Collins, landscape architects, from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania are announced as the winners of the design concept for the aboriginal memorial.
1997 National Park Service Foundation announces campaign to raise funds for the Indian Memorial and establishes the theme "Peace Through Unity".
2002 The National Park Service mails out requests for proposal/contract tenders to create and install the aboriginal memorial and the Spirit Warriors sculpture. An NPS in-house jury reviews and awards contracts to a design team and a general contractor.
2002 Colleen Cutschall, Oglala-Sicangu Lakota, an artist/professor is awarded the contract for the Spirit Warriors sculpture project in June.
2003 Spring sees the completion of the earthwork memorial and the installation of the Spirit Warriors sculpture.
2003 The Aboriginal Memorial is dedicated on June 25.
The "7th Regiment, Georgia Cavalry" more commonly referred to as the "7th Georgia Cavalry" was formed at Savannah, Georgia by the consolidation of the 24th Battalion, Georgia Cavalry, four companies of the 21st Battalion, Georgia Cavalry and the two companies of the Hardwick Mounted Rifles on Feb. 13, 1864.
A little about each unit that was a part of the consolidation....
The "Hardwick Mounted Rifles" was formed in April of 1862 by Capt. Joseph L. McAllister in Bryan County, Georgia at Fort McAllister near his rice plantation, Strathy Hall.
The unit was named after the ghost town, "Hardwick", located between McAllister's plantation and Fort McAllister. A former governor had planned to move the Georgia capital from Savannah to this new settlement on the banks of the Ogeechee River. The name, "Hardwick" came from an English friend of his, the Earl of Hardwicke. The project failed and Savannah remained the capital.
The assignment and main objective of the Hardwick Mounted Rifles was to defend against Union invasion along the Georgia coast and protect the towns and homes of these Southeast Georgia coastal counties.
Their first significant encounter was with a landing party of Union soldiers at Kilkenny. There a local citizen, and quite an entrepreneur, who had quite a large "still". This was not a liquor still but one that extracted salt from ocean water. Salt at that time was in great demand and had a value around one dollar per pound. Regardless of why the Union chose this landing site, the newly organized men from Georgia defeated them.
The most outstanding encounter was that of the Union's seventh Naval Attack on Fort McAllister on March 3, 1863. This was the most concentrated attempt the Union made using multiple Ironclads and three mortar boats. The battle raged for over seven hours with firing in both directions. Before the gun ships had moved into place, several men of the Hardwick Mounted Rifles crossed the Ogeechee and made their way through the marsh to within gun range of the ironclads. When the first Union sailor emerged, they opened fire, wounding him.
The mortar boats shelled the Battery all night on the 3rd with no damage. Only two men were injured during the entire attack and they had only minor injuries.
On the 4th, the Union boats left, convinced that a successful naval attack was not possible against "Fort McAllister" .
The efforts of the Fort McAllister Garrison and the Hardwick Mounted Rifles resulted in a victory for the Confederacy and much respect earned for both the Garrison and the Hardwick Mounted Rifles.
The early flag of the Hardwick Mounted Rifles was a Confederate Battle Flag without inscription. After the defense of Ft. McAllister against the Union ironcalds, Gen. Beauregard issued a special order for the unit to use the First National with the inscription "Fort McAllister" on it.
I have not found a copy of the flag but it should have looked something like this one.
Hardwick Mounted Rifles, Company A and Company B
These companies were created from men transferred from Capt. McAllister's company, Hardwick Mounted Rifles, which was divided about Sept. 1863 by order of General Beauregard.
The Hardwick Mounted Rifles had grown in size since it was organized to where the 2 companies were necessary.
Alphabetical Listing of the Men of the Hardwick Mounted Rifles
The 21st Battalion, Georgia Cavalry, organized in the summer of l862, was comprised of 5 companies of partisan rangers formed by the consolidation of White's Battalion and Banks Battalion.
Co. A, Augusta Mounted Rangers; Whiteford D. Russell
Co. B, Banks Partisan Rangers; Harris K. Harrison
Co. C, Miller Rangers; Robert L. Miller
Co. D, multiple; Jerry R. Johnson
Co. E, multiple; William H. Burroughs
It was stationed near Georgetown, S.C., served along the coastal area of South Carolina under Major William P. White. Their charge was to defend against Union invasion.
Alphabetical Listing of the Men of the 21st Battalion, Georgia Cavalry
The 24th Battalion, Georgia Cavalry, organized in the spring of 1863, was made up of companies of partisan rangers and formed into a battalion.
Co. A, Mercer Partisans; Frank W. Hopkins
Co. B, Randolph Rangers; Edward C. Anderson, Jr.
Co. C, Hopkins Rangers; Richard H. Wylly
Co. D, multiple... John W. Brumby
The 24th served along the coastal areas of Georgia and South Carolina under Major Edward C. Anderson. Their objective was in protecting against Union invasion.
Alphabetical Listing of the Men of the 24TH Battalion, Georgia Cavalry
7th Regiment, Georgia Cavalry
The 7th Georgia Cavalry was formed by the consolidation of the 24th Battalion Georgia Cavalry, four companies of the 21st Battalion Georgia Cavalry and the two companies of the Hardwick Mounted Rifles by S. O. No. 37, A. & I. G. O., dated Feb. 13, 1864.
The 7th Georgia Cavalry was organized with the following officers:
Col. William P. White, of the 21st Battalion -
Major Edward C. Anderson, Jr. of the 24th Battalion -
Lt. Col. Joseph L. McAllister, of the Hardwick Mounted Rifles -
The company Captains were:
Co. A, W.D. Russell; From Co. A of the 21st.
Co. B, Robert L. Miller; From Co. C of the 21st.
Co. C, John N. Davies; From Co. B of the 24th
Co. D, Richard H. Wylly; From Co. C of the 24th.
Co. E, Harris K. Harrison; From Co. B of the 21st.
Co. F, Randal F. Jones; From Co. E of the 21st.
Co. G, Frank W. Hopkins; From Co. A of the 24th.
Co. H, John P. Hines; From Co. B, Hardwick Mtd Rifles.
Co. I, John W. Brumby; From Co. D of the 24th.
Co. K, L.S. Quarterman. From Co. A, Hardwick Mtd Rifles.
Even though the 7th was consolidated in February, the different battalions served independent of each other until May 1864. At that time they received new equipment and went to Augusta, then to Columbia, S.C. where they met Butler's Brigade. The entire 7th Georgia Cavalry rallied near Richmond in the latter days of May.
Assignments of the 7th Ga Cav
The 7th was ordered to Virginia where it was assigned to The Army of Northern Virginia. It was re-assigned in late November 1864 to the Department of Richmond. It was soon returned to the Army of Northern Virginia and served there until the end of the war. The specific higher command assignments of the 7th Regiment, Georgia Cavalry are listed below.
May 1, 1864
August 31, 1864
October 31, 1864
November 30, 1864
January 31, 1865
Young's Brigade, Hampton's Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
Young's Brigade, Butler's Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
Young's Brigade, Hampton's (Old) Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
Gary's Brigade, Cavalry, Department of Richmond
Gary's Brigade, Fitzhugh Lee's Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
The Army of Northern Virginia's Order of Battle had the 7th Regiment, Georgia Cavalry scheduled at the Battle of Spottsylvania but it seems the 7th did not enter battle until June 11, 1864 at Trevillian Station. Col. William P. White the senior officer of the 7th did not lead the regiment to the front. He became the victim of an assassin's bullet. Col. White was succeeded in command by Lt. Col. Joseph L. McAllister. The 7th at this time, now at its peak with 842 men, was serving under Maj. Gnl. Wade Hampton.
Also in Hampton's Division were three other Georgia Calvary units, all veteran units; Cobb's Legion, Phillip's Legion and the 20th Battalion, Georgia Cavalry for a total force of slightly less than 5000.
After its arrival at Richmond, the 7th Georgia Cavalry joined the pursuit of General Phil Sheridan through the Shenandoah Valley. On the 11th of June, 1864 they were located between Trevillian Station and Louisa Court House. The 7th was not experienced in something as massive as the Battle of Trevillian Station, their first major encounter. The terrain in this area of Louisa County was very rough with very dense stands of timber and undergrowth, making it very difficult to maneuver. This was one of the bloodiest encounters of the war with tremendous losses on both sides totaling about 1600. Many of the 7th were killed the first day including Colonel Joseph McAllister being struck with 4 bullets in the chest and Capt. Whiteford D. Russell who was mortally wounded. The losses were not without reward. Union General Sheridan who had a starting force of about 8000, was pushed back, preventing him from joining Gnl. Hunter in his raid against Lynchburg, Va.
As dawn broke, the sound of gunfire roused the sleepy men of the 7th Georgia Cavalry. Hastily breaking camp, the men of the 7th Georgia stood to horse awaiting orders. About 6:00, the Georgians received orders to dismount and picket their horses near Trevillian Station, leaving a small guard with the animals.
One member of the regiment reported, “We were then marched to the scene of action, and I do truthfully say that I have never seen men go into a fight more willingly and more calmly than the 7th Georgia Cavalry.” He continued, “A smile lit up the countenance of every man from the right to the extreme left of the line.” Committed to the fight, the 7th Georgia led Wright’s counterattack, blunting the Federal advance.
A member of the 7th Georgia noted, “We drove them back in every charge, notwithstanding the advantageous ground which they were occupying. Their ranks were broken, and they fled precipitously. Soon, however, the rally was sounded, and having received large reinforcements, they charged us, numbering us nearly ten to our one. We contested every inch of ground with them, and even held them in check for a time.” “For four hours we fought alone, against fearful odds,” claimed a proud Georgian, “and I regret to state what the 7th suffered in killed, wounded and prisoners… You may judge how desperately we fought by our thin and decimated ranks. We carried six hundred men into the fight and brought out three hundred only.”
Lt. Col. Waring, commander of the Jeff Davis Legion, dismounted a “good many men to support General Butler.” As Waring’s command and the Georgians of the 20th Battalion of Georgia Cavalry pitched into the fray, so too did most of the men of the 7th Georgia Cavalry and Cobb’s Legion. The additional men made an immediate impact; Hampton later noted that “these two brigades pushed the enemy steadily back, and I hoped to effect a junction with Lee’s division at Clayton’s Store in a short time…”
The commander of the 7th Georgia, Lt. Col. Joseph McAllister, was a 43 year-old lawyer who had attended Amherst College. Although he had little military training, McAllister had natural ability to command men. His grandfather, Col. Richard McAllister, commanded a regiment of Pennsylvania infantry in George Washington’s Continental Army. Joseph McAllister was a wealthy and well-respected rice planter. He was “an upright, useful citizen, charitable to the poor and kind to all, a sagacious and dashing soldier, and a true patriot.” Trevillian Station was his first time leading troops in combat.
McAllister led the final counterattack of the Georgians along the Fredericksburg Road. Pitching into the fray, “shot and shell, canister and grape, mingled with the booming of artillery, made war’s grand chorus jeeringly sublime. But on, through the missiles of death, he bore himself as though he courted death in defense of his country’s liberties.” McAllister was completely surrounded by Yankee troopers. He cried out to his men, “Strike for God and our native land!”
A Yankee bullet struck him. Despite the pain, he emptied his revolver at the attacking Northerners, who demanded his surrender. The defiant McAllister threw the empty pistol at his attackers. He was then killed, four Yankee bullets in his chest.
McAllister’s boots and hat were taken and his stars and the buttons on his coat were cut from his uniform. Fortunately, his sword and spurs were recovered and returned to his family in Georgia.
Maj. Edward C. “Ned” Anderson, McAllister’s second in command, was wounded in the hip while leading a charge and was captured. Anderson hid his pocket watch and feigned that he could not walk as a result of the wounded hip. Later that day, he escaped and made his way back to the regiment the next day.
Three company commanders of the 7th Georgia were lost early on June 11: Capts. John P. Hines, A. R. Millar, and William D. Russell were killed. Capt. Frank W. Hopkins, commander of Co. G, was captured. Hopkins spent ten months at Fort Delaware and then joined the “Immortal 600”, a group of Confederate officers placed on a list for retaliation. These men were exposed to the fire of Confederate guns at Charleston, South Carolina. Hopkins survived his stint on the torture ships and eventually was freed from prison at Fort Pulaski at the end of the war.
Adam J. Iler, a 25 year-old second sergeant of the 7th Georgia, was captured that morning. A farmer from rural Georgia, Iler joined the McAllister’s company, the Hardwick Mounted Rifles, a local militia unit that became Company H of the 7th Georgia. Iler, who served for two years in the post-War Georgia legislature, fell into the hands of Torbert’s troopers during the fighting on the Fredericksburg Road. Iler’s war ended that day. He spent the duration as a prisoner of war in the infamous Northern prisoner of war camp at Elmira, New York.
Swooping down on largely defenseless wagons and horses, the 5th Michigan bagged several hundred prisoners, 1,500 horses, a stand of colors, 6 caissons, 40 ambulances, and 50 army wagons. Many Confederates broke their arms upon surrendering, rather than give them up. Others dropped their weapons until they realized that the 5th Michigan was unsupported. They then picked up their arms again and fired into the rear of the Wolverines.
The commotion in the rear alerted Butler. He sent some of his South Carolinians back toward the station to see what was going on in his rear. Their presence, combined with the 7th Georgia Cavalry dispatched by Hampton earlier to protect the wagon trains, bought valuable minutes. The 20th Georgia Cavalry of Wright’s command was also sent back to stem the tide.
In addition to the dead and wounded at Trevillian Station, about 180 men were captured and after a brief stay at Point Lookout Prison were transferred to Elmira Prison, N.Y. where most remained until the end of the war or died from the very harsh conditions.
Many of the 7th Georgia Cavalry were wounded and carried to Exchange Hotel (Gordonsville, Va. Receiving Hospital), now a museum.
Some survived and many did not.
In the month of June 1864 over 6000 wounded were brought to Gordonsville Receiving Hospital.
Encounters of the 7th Ga Cav
The 7th Georgia Cavalry was involved in a number of various type engagements during its history. These are listed below, each followed by a number which indicates a location on the map just below the list.
Operation against Sheridan's Trevillian Raid, Va. (19)
Engagement, Trevillian Station, Central R.R., Va. (19)
Action, Newark (Mallory's Cross Roads), Va. (20)
Siege Operations against Petersburg and Richmond, Va.(21)
Engagement, Sappony Church (Stony Creek), Va. (22)
Engagement, Ream's Station, Va. (23)
Battle, Weldon R.R., Globe Tavern (Yellow House) and Black's Station (Six Mile House), Va. (24)
Battle, Ream's Station, Va. (23)
Battle, Popular Springs Church (25),
..........Peeble's Farm (26),
..........Pegram's Farm (27), and
..........Laurel Hill (29), Va.
Engagement, Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road, Va.
Operations against Warren's Expedition to Hicksford, Va. (31)
Action, Namozine Church, Va. (32)
Skirmishes near Amelia Court House, Va. (33)
Skirmish, Tabernacle Church (Beaver Pond Creek), Va. (34)
Engagement, Amelia Springs, Va. (35)
Action, High Bridge, Va. (36)
Engagement, Farmville, Va. (37)
Engagement, Appomattox Station, Va. (38)
Engagement, Clover Hill, Appomattox Court House, Va. (39)
Surrender, Appomattox Court House, Va. (39)
June 7 - 24, 1864
June 11 - 12, 1864
June 12, 1864
June 26, 1864
April 2, 1865
June 28 - 29, 1864
June 29, 1864
August 18 - 21, 1864
August 25, 1864
Sept. 29 - Oct. 2, 1864
October 27 - 28, 1864
December 7 - 12, 1864
March 28 - April 9, 1865
April 3, 1865
April 4 - 5, 1865
April 4, 1865
April 5, 1865
April 6, 1865
April 7, 1865
April 8, 1865
April 9, 1865
April 9, 1865
Gary's Brigade was reinforced by the 7th Georgia Cavalry for the second battle of Deep Bottom, August 16, 1864 after which they fought at Reams Station and the Weldon Railroad. Later, the 7th Ga. Cav. was officially transferred to Gary's Brigade. Also in Gary's Brigade were the 7th SC, Hampton's Legion and the 24th VA.
One of the many problems encountered by the 7th was that of maintaining healthy mounts. There was hardly a day that passed where the 7th did not encounter the enemy. With the cavalry being able to respond quickly, General Lee called upon them for reinforcement any time there was a threat anywhere along the Richmond line of defense. By December, most of the horses were dead or rendered useless from hard work and starvation.
In December 1864, Colonel E.C. Anderson, Jr. split the unit. The mounted part continued the fighting in Virginia and Col. Anderson left for Georgia with about 200 men to get fresh mounts.
When arriving in Georgia, they fought dismounted, defending Savannah against Union General Sherman's siege. When Savannah was evacuated, the dismounted men of the 7th, supporting General Young's command, were part of a defense line established about half way between Savannah and Charleston.
Most of these men were in NC when General Lee surrendered.
There were 39 enlisted men of the 7th Regiment, Georgia Cavalry who surrendered with General Robert E. Lee on April 9, 1865 at Appomattox. Others who had been separated from the unit and still nearby surrendered very soon thereafter. A few others were detailed with the wagon train and surrendered later.
The 7th Georgia Cavalry was the last unit to leave the burning ruins of Richmond.
General Lee's Farewell and Letter to President Davis
Anyone having information relating to: the 24th Battalion, Georgia Cavalry, the 21st Battalion, Georgia Cavalry or the Hardwick Mounted Rifles, please contact me.